Gum diseases (commonly known as Pyorrhea in
India) are very common oral disease affecting most people at some point during
their lives. More than 10 million cases per year in India and around 60% of US
population is suffering from this infection! They are caused by the body’s
reaction to bacteria that build up in the mouth, especially around the tooth,
and cause inflammation. The good news is that you just need to maintain proper
oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist to prevent the appearance of gum
diseases and can limit the damage that they cause if they do appear.
The bad news is that, if left untreated, gum
disease can lead to the loss of teeth – which means your smile is less
attractive and you can have problems with chewing and speaking. On top of that,
untreated gum disease can increase your risk of suffering serious conditions
including diabetes, hypertension, cancer, stroke and arthritis. It can increase
the risk of complication with pregnancy and even in Covid-19 infection.
One of the first signs that you may become
aware of is bleeding from the gums! They usually go unnoticed and slowly turn
aggressive in nature. The gums may look red and swollen and you may develop bad
breath. Later the teeth starts migrating and creating space in between. The
teeth eventually come loose and are lost, or require extraction. In my opinion,
untreated periodontitis only lead to physical, mental and social disability.
Peri-Implant Disease Explained:
There are also gum diseases that affect the
tissues around dental implants, known as peri-implant diseases. If oral hygiene
is poor, bacteria build up on the implant surface and causes inflammation of
the tissue that surrounds the implant. This is called peri-implant mucositis
and, if it is not treated, the more dangerous disease of peri-implantitis can
appear, which involves more inflammation and the destruction of bone around the
implant. Eventually, the implant loses its support in the bone and becomes
loose. Peri-implantitis is difficult to treat and can often lead to the loss of
implants and the need for additional surgery.